CPM Home   LCI data   Impact assessment data   IA Calculator   About the CPM LCA Database
The CPM LCA Database is developed within the Swedish Life Cycle Center, and is a result of the continuous work to establish transparent and quality reviewed LCA data. The Swedish Life Cycle Center (founded in 1996 and formerly called CPM) is a center of excellence for the advance of life cycle thinking in industry and other parts of society through research, implementation, communication and exchange of experience on life cycle management. The mission is to improve the environmental performance of products and services, as a natural part of sustainable development. The Center has been instrumental for the development and adoption the life cycle perspective in Swedish companies and has made important contributions to international standardization in the life cycle field. More information about the Center, see www.lifecyclecenter.se.

The Swedish Life Cycle Center owns the CPM LCA Database, which is today maintained by Environmental Systems Analysis at the Department of Energy and Environment at Chalmers University of Technology.

All LCI datasets can be viewed in in three formats: the SPINE format, a format compatible with the ISO/TS 14048 LCA data documentation format criteria, and in the ILCD format. Three impact assessment models: EPS, EDIP, and ECO-Indicator, can be viewed in the IA98 format. Also a simple IA calculator is provided where the environmental impact of each LCI dataset can be calculated based on the three different IA methods.

Terms of use - License agreement
The data in the CPM LCA Database is open and accessible for free to researchers and practitioners. User restrictions and guidelines are regulated within the licence agreement.

Database development
The Database is built on the information model called SPINE. SPINE is an information model that describes how to structure environmental data in a meaningful and transparent way. The name SPINE, short for Sustainable Product Information Network for the Environment, first appeared as an LCA database format developed in 1995. It worked as the seed that initiated a collaboration between major Swedish companies to share information and experiences on environmental information on products and materials. The national competence centre CPM was founded by the companies together with Chalmers University of Technology and with Vinnova as major financier.

Within CPM the SPINE format was used to create the Swedish national LCA database, a.k.a. the SPINE@CPM database. Over the years data has been documented, quality reviewed, and added to the database. The data was published online and datasets could be purchased through a web browser tool. The SPINE data format was also extended to include data on impact assessment models according to ISO 14042. This extension of the format was named IA98. Some commonly applied impact assessment models was documented according to the format and published online in 2000.

The LCI data in the database is provided by different organizations and also funded by different funding agencies and companies. VINNOVA, Sweden’s innovation agency, was the major financier between 1996 and 2006. Since 2006 the Database has no financial support and the database development has been dependent on specific projects based on external funding.
CPM LCA Database manual
User manual to this website.

CPM LCA Database - License agreement
By downloading LCA data from this database you agree to the terms stated in the License agreement.

SPINE, A Relation Database Structure for Life Cycle Assessment
Carlson R, Löfgren G, Steen B, 1995. Swedish Environmental Research Institute, IVL-Report B 1227, Göteborg, Sweden
The original report documenting the SPINE data structure.

Introduction and guide to LCA data documentation - using the CPM documentation criteria and the SPINE format
Pålsson A-C, CPM report 1999:1

Review of LCI data at SPINE@CPM
Pålsson A-C, CPM report 1999:8
Description of the review routine applied when adding data to SPINE@CPM.

An interpretation of SPINE in terms of the ISO 14041 standard
Arvidsson P, CPM report 1999:9

Mapping of CPM LCA database SPINE format to ILCD data format Tivander J, 2013, CPM report 2013:1
Detailed description of how convert from CPM LCA Database SPINE format to ILCD format.

Data format mapping between SPINE and ISO/TS 14048 Carlson R, Erlandsson M, Flemström K, Pålsson A-C, Tidstrand U, Tivander J, 2003, CPM report 2003:8
Detailed description of how to switch between SPINE and ISO/TS 14048 formats.

Introduction and guide to LCA data documentation using the CPM documentation criteria and the ISO/TS 14048 data documentation format
Flemström K, Pålsson A-C, CPM report 2003:3

An interpretation of the CPM data quality requirements in terms of ISO/TS 14048 data documentation format
Pålsson A-C, CPM report 2003:4

A Systematic Approach to Environmental Priority Strategies in Product Development (EPS) Version 2000 - General System Characteristics
Steen B, 1999, CPM report 1999:4
A Systematic Approach to Environmental Priority Strategies in Product Development (EPS) Version 2000 - Models and Data of the Default Method
Steen B, 1999, CPM report 1999:5
The original documentation of the EPS method.

Documentation of environmental impact assessment, compatible with SPINE and ISO/TS 14048

Carlson R, Pålsson A-C, IMI-report 2002:1

Strategy for the Work on CPM:s LCA Database
Carlson R, CPM-rapport 1997:4

Establishment of CPM's LCA Database
Carlson R, Pålsson A-C, 1998, CPM Report 1998:3
The report documenting the CPM project establishing a Swedish national LCI database and its results.


EPS - navigating through facts and opinions

Bengt Steen, author of the impact assessment method EPS:
The EPS system (Environmental Priority Strategies in product design) was developed as an aid in product development.
The system is basically a set of hierarchic principle require-ments, such as working with aggregated impact indices, with transparency more...

SPINE@CPM – the operational prototype for industrial LCA databases

Raul Carlson, project manager and developer of the database:

The SPINE@CPM LCA database was established to facilitate any type of industrial LCA studies of products and business activities. The LCI-part of the database holds well-documented data that describes resource use and emissions from different industrial production processes, plants and supply-chains. More...

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CPM, S-412 96 Göteborg, Sweden. Phone +46 31 772 56 40. Email lifecyclecenter@chalmers.se
The CPM LCA Database site is managed by Chalmers University of Technology