|Characterisation Method Name:|
|Formaldehyde impact on morbidity|
|Principal Method Name:|
|EPS: global warming pathway|
The characterisation factor is determined by an equivalency method using CO2 as a reference.
The GWP100 was estimated by IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) to 11 in one of the early reports. (1990). Later this statement was withdrawn by IPCC, with the motivation that the uncertainty was too large. In the EPS context however, omitting it would create a larger error than including it, so the equivalency factor 11 will still be used.
Calculation of characterisation factor
The characterisation factor for CO2 is determined to 6.55×10 –7 person-years/kg, which means that the characterisation factor of formaldehyde for morbidity is
11*6.55E–07 = 7.21E–06 person-years/kg.
|Houghton, J.T Jenkins, G.J. and Ephraums, J.J., (Ed.) (1990) Climate change – The IPCC scientific assessment. Cambridge University Press|
|Including emissions from anywhere at the globe 1990 and considering a residence time of several days for formaldehyde and its reaction products, the environmental system will also be global. As formaldehyde causes cancer, there is a reason for using a 20-year system border, but as we use a linear dose-response model, we restrict the system borders to the year 1990. For the global warming pathways, the same system borders as for CO2 is relevant, i.e. 100 years.|
|Characterisation Parameter||Category Indicator||Impact Indication Principle||Aspect||Substance||Quantity||Unit||Notes|
|Formaldehyde||7.21E-06||p yr/kg||Global warming|