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Characterisation Method Information
Characterisation Method Name:
Pesticides impact on NEX
Version:
1999
Date Completed:
1999
Principal Method Name:
EPS: acute and chronic poisoning pathway
Method Description:
NEX is Normalised EXtinction of species.

Model

The characterisation factor is determined by the empirical method.

Category indicator value in system considered

Pesticides are often claimed to be a significant threat to some species. Only a few studies has been found that quantify what part of the red-listed species that is threatened by chemicals (Järvinen and Miettinen, 1987). One is from Sweden, where 13 out of 140 (9%) red-listed species were found to be threatened by “environmental toxins” and one from Finland where 72 out of 1041 species (7%) were threatened due to “chemicals”. It is not clear what part of these chemicals or toxins that constitutes of pesticides, but it seems reasonable to assume that it is a major part and in the order of 5%.

Contribution to category indicators value from a flow unit

The contributions are the same as for "Pesticides impact on YOLL".

Literature Reference:
Järvinen, O. and Miettinen, K., “Sista paret ut” Naturskyddsföreningen, Miljöförlaget, 1987.(In Swedish)
Methodological Range:
The same system borders are used as for YOLL, i.e. global and for the year 1990.
Notes:

Existing Characterisation Factors of Pesticides impact on NEX
Characterisation Parameter Category Indicator Impact Indication Principle Aspect Substance Quantity Unit Notes
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Dimethoate 7.45E-12 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Carbofuran 5.96E-13 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Malathion 1.49E-13 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Lindane 9.94E-12 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Heptachlor 5.96E-12 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Glyphosate 2.98E-14 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Fenamiphos 1.19E-11 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Endrin 9.94E-12 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Endosulfan 4.97E-13 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Naled 1.49E-12 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Diquat 1.35E-12 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Oxamyl 1.19E-13 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Diflubenzuron 1.49E-13 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Dieldrin 5.96E-11 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Dichlorvos 5.96E-12 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Demeton 7.45E-11 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
2,4-Dichloropheno xyacetic acid 2.98E-13 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Cypermethrin 2.98E-13 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Chlorpyrifos 9.94E-13 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Chlordane 5.96E-12 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Disulfoton 7.45E-11 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Thiram 5.96E-13 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Carbaryl 2.98E-14 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Captan 2.29E-14 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Benomyl 5.96E-14 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Atrazine 8.52E-14 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Aldrin 9.94E-11 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Aldicarb 2.98E-12 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Alachlor 2.98E-13 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Zinc phosphide 9.94E-12 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Methoxychlor 1.19E-13 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
2,4,5-Trichloropheno xyacetic acid 2.98E-13 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Hexachlorobenzene 3.73E-12 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Thallium sulfate 3.73E-11 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Sodium fluoracetate 1.49E-10 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Resmethrin 9.94E-14 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Propachlor 2.29E-13 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Pirimifosmethyl 2.98E-13 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Phosphine 9.94E-12 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Permethrin 5.96E-14 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Paraquat 6.63E-13 NEX/kg
CFactor NEX EPS/2000
Type = Emission
Direction = Output
Media = *
Geography = *
Warfarin 9.94E-12 NEX/kg